The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the political declaration and replaced the word “appropriate” with “appropriate” with respect to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a trade fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the amendment excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms.  In addition, the Equal Competition Mechanism has been postponed from the legally binding withdrawal agreement to the political declaration, and the line of the political statement that “the United Kingdom will consider taking into account alignment with trade union rules in the relevant areas” has been removed.  CONSIDERING that sovereign base lands should remain part of eu customs territory after the UK`s withdrawal from the EU, REMEMBERing the agreements reached on 29 November 2018 between the Kingdom of Spain and the United Kingdom with regard to citizens` rights, tobacco and other products, environmental cooperation and police and customs cooperation. , as well as the agreement reached on 29 November 2018 on the conclusion of a tax and financial interest protection contract on 22 October 2019, the House of Commons approved by 329 votes to 299 the revised withdrawal agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month), but that the accelerated timetable it had proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support. Johnson announced that the legislation would be overturned.  If, by the end of the transitional period, the EU and the United Kingdom fail to reach an agreement on their future relations guaranteeing the absence of a border between Ireland and Northern Ireland, the “backstop of Northern Ireland” will enter into force. In this case, Northern Ireland will be part of the UK customs territory, but it will be aligned with a limited set of EU rules, particularly with regard to goods. Trade in goods is affected. There will be regulatory controls on goods taking place at the UK`s entry into Northern Ireland and not through the land border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. In addition, the United Kingdom will apply tariffs to the United Kingdom on products from third countries as long as goods imported with Deminland are threatened with entering the EU internal market. This applies equally to goods arriving from Great Britain to Northern Ireland or directly to Northern Ireland.
However, the UK will apply EU tariffs to products that are at risk of entering the internal market. This is, of course, an extremely complex issue, because at the moment we do not fully understand how the question of the risk of entry into the internal market is defined or what measures the UK will take to enforce EU tariffs in this case and what could happen if the goods actually remained in Northern Ireland. Under the agreement, a joint EU-UK committee will further uncover these issues at a later stage. However, trade in services with the EU must be governed by WTO rules. Under WTO rules, the specific impact for businesses will vary depending on the sector in which they operate. There will be no change in some sectors, while in other (generally highly regulated) sectors there will be additional requirements and standards and even a ban on the provision of certain services between the EU and the UK. The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following key areas: In addition, In order for the United Kingdom to withdraw from the EU in an orderly manner, it is also necessary to provide, in a separate protocol of that agreement, the specific provisions applicable to Gibraltar, particularly during the transition period, the specific obligations arising from international agreements The implementation of an EIB strategy after the Commission`s withdrawal is not within the scope of this article.